SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research is an open access, blind peer-reviewed Journal published by the Scientia Moralitas Research Institute. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS is a multidisciplinary journal publishing a wide range of high-quality papers in the field of humanities, education, theology, human rights, economics, philosophy, juridical, political and communication sciences, religion, history, current events, legal and social issues, human behavior and so on. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">The Journal is registered with the Library of Congress (DC, USA): </span><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2472-5331"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">ISSN 2472-5331</span></a><strong><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> </span></strong><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">(Print)</span></a><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;"> ISSN 2472-5358</span></a><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> (Online) and is published twice a year in both print and online.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS Journal is indexed and abstracted in the following databases/resources: </span><a href="https://kanalregister.hkdir.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info.action?id=490649"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; 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The historical journeys that families have made across the globe, how they have made and kept homes, how their cultural values and familial dynamics have evolved, and how they maintain their cultural heritage all influence people’s everyday life in direct and indirect ways. An interdisciplinary course marrying the concepts within the disciplines of psychology, social science and design was constructed and will be presented in this case study. The case study examines how the interdisciplinary course was able to expand student’s self-awareness through learning about their family dynamics, history and historical family homes, current living space, and culture. The course included content such as family dynamics and family development, cultural psychology concepts, spatial development, architecture, and home design to illuminate the student’s unique historical and present context. This case study delineates the journey of the interdisciplinary course demonstrating the culmination of major learnings for the students across the course. The pedagogical methodology presented will be the infographic course map describing how the learning content from psychology, social science and design connect and build to increase understanding of self in relation to others and one’s home environment. This case study provides evidence of how students were able to learn about multidisciplinary factors of psychology and design to increase meaningful learning experiences. Blendine P. Hawkins, Junghwa K. Suh Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/209 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Science Diplomacy Index: Leadership and Responsibility to Act on Climate Change http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/210 In the age of global warming, pandemics and East-West tensions, the time for science diplomacy has come. To this day, the concept of science diplomacy has never been quantified to highlight the importance and potential of specific countries around the globe to engage in science diplomacy. In the first macroeconomic model of science diplomacy, an index was created including 51 countries around the world ranked on their potential to be spearheading science diplomacy. The presented Science Diplomacy Index integrates (1) the academia quota per country as an indication of scientific excellence based on World Bank Educational Attainment data of at least Bachelor’s or equivalent education in the population of a country from 25 years of age as cumulative percent in the population; (2) a modified World Ranking of academic institutions based on the Web of Universities data weighted by the relevance of its academic institutions; and (3) the Lowy Global Diplomacy Index measuring diplomatic relations in embassies, consulates, or other diplomatic representations. The index is then applied to a macroeconomic model on disparate economic impacts of climate change around the world and country-specific CO2 emission levels, in order to determine what countries have excellent starting grounds but also a heightened responsibility to engage in science diplomacy to reverse the negative impacts of global warming. The results offer invaluable yet quantified information on the importance of science diplomacy in the 21st century. Julia M. Puaschunder Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/210 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Economic Dimension as the Foundation of a State’s Security http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/211 In the context of globalization and economic integration in recent decades, the relationship between the economy and national security has become increasingly close. For each state, these links represent both opportunities and potential threats to the country’s national security. Definitions of national security have an important economic dimension, and the economy cannot easily be separated from national security. The relationship between the national security and economic spheres is complex and characterized by many close interconnections. For the purpose of this article, national security is understood as those aspects that relate to the protection of critical infrastructure, sectors and processes that are vital for the sustainable functioning of a society. We will examine how potential threats to national security from economic factors can be understood through “risk vectors”, which highlight the ways in which the components of “economy” and “national security” interact. The economy has been and always will be one of the basic pillars for building a credible military power and achieving a sufficient degree of security at national, regional or international levels. Professional, well-equipped armed forces capable of dealing with a wider range of risks and threats in the security environment cannot be secured without adequate economic resources. KEYWORDS: security, economic policies, threats, risk, power Alexandra Carmen Bran Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/211 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Strategic Alignment vs. Opportunity Hopping – Disruptive Times Require a Firm Strategy http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/212 In a time with many unexpected sudden events—disruptive times—it is more important than ever for executives not to lose sight of their strategy and to implement the corporate strategy according to plan via systematic Strategic Alignment. Oftentimes, managers only survived the Covid-19 pandemic through sheer pragmatism and tactical behavior. Their strategy took a back seat, and strategic considerations were not taken into account due to a lack of time or resources. The business management literature is more concerned with developing new strategies than either the implementation or the day-to-day practice of strategic management. In the latter, corporate strategy usually plays no role and appears to many as a too remote an instrument to guide operational work. Strategic Alignment binds all corporate actions to an overarching strategic plan. Strategic Alignment defines the framework for decisions and is a procedure for making downstream decisions consistently and in a sustainable form. In times of crises and disruptive developments, the well thought-out corporate strategy is seen as a hindrance to making money, where an initial strategic alignment may quickly become a misalignment. Instead, short-term opportunities and promising profit opportunities are sought and exploited, even if they contradict the correctly held strategy. It then becomes ‘opportunity hopping’, where quick profit or sheer survival become the motives for acting and may also result in less attention being paid to the legality of the business. The recent qualitative study presented in this paper explores the status quo in strategy implementation and, in particular, Strategic Alignment. The method of Grounded Theory Methodology (GTM) was used to analyze the current state of companies until theoretical saturation is reached. The iterative cycles of the research started in Germany but, at a later date, interview partners in Switzerland, France and the USA were integrated into the study. Thorsten Schmude Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/212 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Medical, Social and Criminological Aspects of Psychopathic Personality Disorder http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/213 Psychopathic personality is a worldwide known psychiatric trait that brought fascination and interest not only in the scientific world but also in social culture and media due to its spectacular and powerful contrast with other mental health issues and also because of the impact the psychopathic behavior echoes in the society. The medical field describes psychopathy as an antisocial personality disorder, a disorder of affectivity and moral or “moral insanity,” as Prichard (1999, 118) described it, because most of the characteristics were found in delinquents. For a long time, it was considered an entity at the border of normal and pathological. In the following article, we will present general aspects of this condition from a bio-psycho-social point of view in order to better understand its implications in medical, social, and criminological fields. KEYWORDS: psychopathy, antisocial, criminology, personality, callous unemotional Nicoleta-Elena Hegheș, Cristina-Gabriela Șchiopu Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/213 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effects of a Reliability Engineering Department on an Industrial Organization: An Empirical Investigation http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/214 In industrial companies, efficient maintenance is a prerequisite for overall competitiveness and, therefore, needs the utmost attention from the highest management level. Maintenance departments work primarily in a preventive and proactive manner in order to detect and avoid damages early instead of reacting to sudden failures. Some companies have gone further and introduced an independent Reliability Engineering Department (RED). This RED is intended to improve equipment dependability and decisively reduce production downtime to an even greater extent. The effects of a RED on industrial organizations have received little academic attention to date. This study aims to address this research gap by analyzing vital questions concerning the advantages of an independent RED. The research has been carried out using an empirical quantitative online survey. The study results demonstrate that many companies have already introduced an independent RED. It is envisioned that many businesses, if not most, currently missing a RED will soon introduce one. Furthermore, it is presented that companies that have already implemented a RED expect recurring significant annual savings. For the most part, these REDs are organizationally integrated into the existing maintenance department. The surveyed companies demonstrate that a RED, virtually without exception, generates a positive contribution to the company. Uwe Christian Bussmann, Rudolf Jerrentrup Copyright (c) 2022 Uwe Christian Bussmann, Rudolf Jerrentrup https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/214 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Silence of God between Alienation and Resonance http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/215 Alienation is more than a symptom of our times. It has become an increasingly articulated feature of the contemporary collective ethos. The paradigm of alienation seems to be a cyclical occurrence, a reiteration of the oppressive spleen of the early last century, but much more oppressive and much more globalized. Analyzed from multiple perspectives (psychological, social, artistic, literary, etc.), alienation remains a negative category, which is why it must have a cause. Depending on the lens through which the cause of alienation is viewed, inevitably limited answers can be offered, as the human structure is too complex to be contained in one area of analysis. Almost completely ignored, although, as we shall see, this is where the lifeline might come from, the theological perspective can diagnose the phenomenon of alienation with greater precision and offer a sustainable variant of what we call resonance. The Hebrew Bible offers some conclusive passages on alienation, seen as estrangement, a split from God. This comes both from man, through disobedience to God’s law, but especially from God, through the installation of a communication embargo. The silence of God is the most drastic consequence of man’s estrangement from God, a consequence that will bring about a state of alienation. The present study aims to identify and analyze the situations in which God’s silence produces alienation, as well as a biblical perspective on the antidote called resonance. Bratu-Maximilian Caraman Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/215 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Education in the Current Social, Economic and Security Environment http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/219 This research starts from the analysis and interdependence of the social, economic and military dimensions of security and the importance of maintaining balance in a state, relative to the need to preserve its sovereignty. We consider that the threats to society, viewed through the prism of the mentioned security dimensions, must be carefully managed in this context characterized by new crises - extensive and unforeseen - in order not to create a serious state imbalance. The adaptation of education to changes in society and technology must be considered in the development of policies and, above all, in their implementation. Anca Andreea Ștefănescu Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/219 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Potential of Blockchain Technology in the Efficiency of Global Supply Chains http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/217 The supply chain is a network of interconnected companies and individuals working together in sequential steps to create products and deliver them to customers. Cross-border transactions make the network more complex. It cannot be stressed enough how important it is to have uninterrupted supply chain operations. The world we live in changes constantly, so it is important to adapt to changing requirements and new challenges. Integrating technology like the blockchain system, which is considered more efficient and secure, can help support supply chains. Blockchain, also known as distributed ledger tech, allows participants to securely settle transactions, archive transactions, and transfer assets at a low cost. Blockchain is not only an innovative internet infrastructure that uses distributed applications but also a new supply chain network that may open up new opportunities for business. This emerging technology is undergoing a lot of research and revolution. Gabriela Ioana Enache Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/217 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impoliteness and Incoherence on Two Algerian YouTube Channels of Cooking http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/218 This study is an analysis of impoliteness language behavior that results due to conversational incoherence in the comments on YouTube. Based on data from comments of Algerian Arabic viewers of two YouTube channels providing recipes, this study argues that some impolite comments in threads appear to be the result of conversational incoherence in the comment threads. This means that the absence of comments that respond to the video itself or the topic addressed in the video creates incoherence and hence impolite linguistic behavior on the part of the commentators who are interested in the topic of the video. In this respect, the appearance of comments addressing nothing in threads and whose owners advertise for their channels instead creates annoyance and hence impoliteness among the commentators. In other words, such comments can be seen as an impoliteness trigger in these YouTube commenting threads. It can also be concluded that the comments that respond to the video are important because they can establish conversational coherence between commentators and their absence may create complaints and impoliteness. This work is based on the study of Herring and Seung Woo (2021), who emphasize the consideration of addressee (including video topic) and message content relationship in analyses of conversational coherence on YouTube. It both supports and expands it by analyzing qualitatively the language itself. In addition to this, a quantitative study was conducted for empiricism. This study also draws on Culpepper’s (2011) model of impoliteness. Keywords: impoliteness, addressee types, conversational coherence, computer-mediated communication, YouTube thread comments Cherifa Benkaddour Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/218 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of Supply Chain Imbalances on the Defense Industry http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/220 Supply chain is a critical network in today’s economy to ensure that manufacturers and other businesses make the most of their profits. In a volatile market environment, companies must be concerned about the flow of goods. This is especially true in light of the Covid-19 pandemic, which was triggered by the outbreak of violence between Russia and Ukraine. The war also brought sanctions against Russia, which severely impacted the defense industry supply chain. The article examines the current state of the global supply chains during wartime, while also discussing management implications and suggestions for improving the supply systems, such as with blockchain technology. This research is based on information analysis of the current global supply chain and aims to propose solutions to reduce the risk for the defence industry. Alexandra Carmen Bran, Gabriela Ioana Enache Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/220 Mon, 26 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/208 By investing in education, man will have a greater openness in life and more opportunities, although some people believe that learning is a waste of time, considering that one only needs luck and some batteries in order to attain something in life. Going beyond these opinions, education plays a key role in our lives, and it must be a continuous one because we can never say that what we have learned is enough until a certain moment. Ioan-Gheorghe Rotaru Copyright (c) 2022 Ioan-Gheorghe Rotaru https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/208 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0000