SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research is an open access, blind peer-reviewed Journal published by the Scientia Moralitas Research Institute. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS is a multidisciplinary journal publishing a wide range of high-quality papers in the field of humanities, education, theology, human rights, economics, philosophy, juridical, political and communication sciences, religion, history, current events, legal and social issues, human behavior and so on. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">The Journal is registered with the Library of Congress (DC, USA): </span><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2472-5331"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">ISSN 2472-5331</span></a><strong><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> </span></strong><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">(Print)</span></a><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2472-5358"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;"> ISSN 2472-5358</span></a><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;"> (Online) and is published twice a year in both print and online.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS Journal is indexed and abstracted in the following databases/resources: </span><a href="https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info.action?id=490649"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; 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font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #084f91;">WorldCat</span></a><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">.</span></p> en-US scientia.moralitas@email.com (Ioan Gheorghe Rotaru ) e.contact.rais@gmail.com (Eduard David) Sun, 25 Jul 2021 11:49:06 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Multilingualism, Francophony and the Perspectives of the Romanian Education http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/82 According to the relevant norms of national and international law, the right to education is consecrated as a fundamental human right. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals, as prescribed by the UN 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development, included as Goal no. 4 the “quality education.” Multilingualism in international relations and organizations and within the national education systems represents important pillars from this perspective. The Francophone identity and its cultural, educational, and political dimensions are essential parts of this topic. The COVID-19 pandemic’s dramatic impact on human development and education increased their relevance and necessity nevertheless. Romania is an important actor of the organization called “Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie” (OIF), including at the level of national school and university educational systems in French language and promotes through political European, and international mechanisms and policies the principle of multilingualism. Titus Corlățean Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/82 Fri, 23 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Compensatory Benefit of the Innocent Spouse under Romanian Law http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/84 ABSTRACT: In some cases, after the marriage has been dissolved, a significant economic imbalance can be created as regards the living conditions of one of the former spouses, and should therefore be required that, if he/she is not guilty of divorce, to be assured of living conditions similar to those which he/she had during his/her marriage. The tool which the interested spouse has at his/her disposal is the compensatory benefit. By regulating the institution of compensatory benefit, the Romanian legislator wanted to offer a legal instrument that would compensate for a possible imbalance in the way of life that the divorce would produce to the person requesting such a benefit. The study shall make a theoretical and practical analysis of the conditions for granting the compensatory benefit, the method for determining the amount and the procedures for amending and ceasing it. KEY WORDS: dissolution of marriage, compensatory benefit, innocent spouse, spouse’s exclusive fault, living conditions, significant imbalance Ciprian Raul Romițan Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/84 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Evolution of Intellectual Property Concepts at National and International Level http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/85 ABSTRACT: Closely related to this field is the activity of research - development and innovation which is a strategic component, decisive for economic development and social progress. Thus, science, technology and innovation represent fields that constantly generate technological progress, ensuring the sustainability of development and the prospective economic competitiveness of Romania. At the same time, innovation and technological transfer are solutions for solving economic problems and for the permanent renewal of the necessary technologies by connecting Romanian research to the requirements and pressures of a free, expanding market, in the context of globalization. KEY WORDS: innovation, technological transfer, Intellectual property, solutions, economic competitiveness Mihai Dorel Vlad , Sara Vlad Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/85 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Perspectives on the Integration of Cryptocurrencies into National Tax Legislation http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/86 ABSTRACT: The treatment of virtual currencies when it comes to income tax differs as much as the definitions of virtual currencies from country to country. It depends on this definition whether the existing laws corresponding to income tax can also include virtual currencies. Most commonly, virtual currencies fall under a certain category of income and thus are taxed accordingly. Many states have also published clarifying documents on how virtual currencies fit for tax purposes and how the existing legislative framework applies to them. Very few states consider cryptocurrencies as another type of currency, complementary to the usual one, whether we are talking about domestic or foreign markets, thus including them for tax purposes. KEY WORDS: Tax system, Cryptocurrencies, legislation, regulation Narciz Bălășoiu Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/86 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 An Analysis of the Role of Artificial Intelligence in China’s Grand Strategy: Perception, Means and Ends http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/87 ABSTRACT: This article examines the discourse on the role of artificial intelligence in China and how it fits into China’s grand strategy policies. In particular, this article will focus on three grand strategy components: leader’s perception, grand strategy means, and grand strategy ends. The author identifies that China’s evolving national interests and strategic ideas are the central concern for its grand strategy by analyzing original texts. Beijing has the most ambitious AI strategy of all nations and provides the most resources for AI development. Since 2017, AI development has become part of China’s grand strategy plans, setting out goals to build a domestic artificial intelligence industry. The AI sector has turned into a national priority included in President Xi Jinping’s grand vision for China. China’s goals are to make the country “the world’s premier artificial intelligence innovation center for AI” by 2030. Ultimately, AI will foster a new national leadership and establish the key fundamentals for great economic power. There are many AI applications in several grand strategy means, including military and economic policies. This article uses a qualitative content analysis method to examine the case. Data was collected from Chinese leaders’ speeches, government statements, official publications, and Chinese state media. This article concludes that AI has become one of the key components in China’s grand strategy means, including economic, military, and intelligence capabilities. By promoting AI technology, China’s grand strategy goals are maintaining national power, national face, and international reputations. KEY WORDS: China’s grand strategy, Artificial intelligence, China dream Leo S.F. Lin Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/87 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Unfaithfulness – Cause and/or Effect in Couple Dysfunctionality? http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/88 ABSTRACT: Over time, when in crises, the partners in a marital couple have tried to solve their problems in an extramarital frame, the unfaithful relationships being the constant cause of couples’ dissolution, no matter the age or durability of the marriage. Unfaithfulness has been the way married people chose to express themselves against narrow, traditional patterns, and a dull private life. Therefore, the adulterous relationships have meant, to some extent, the attempt to compensate for the dissatisfactions of the married life, thus sweetening the banality of the conventional and the bitterness of having an unwanted partner. KEY WORDS: marital couple, faithfulness, unfaithfulness, sexuality, variables of unfaithfulness Ciprian Corneliu Ciurea Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/88 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative Study of Medical Statistics of Romania-Russia-Japan about the Evolution of Diabetes http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/89 ABSTRACT: The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is the umbrella organization for more than 230 national diabetes associations in 170 countries and represents the interests of patients with diabetes and those at risk of diabetes. The Federation has been leading the global diabetes community since 1950. Diabetes and its complications are among the main priorities of public health (UMF Cluj-Napoca, 2009, 28-35). According to the statistical data presented in the paper in Romania in an adult population was 15,545,800 adult diabetes: 8.8% with a total of adult diabetes cases: 1,278,300, of which 30% of cases reach neuropathy. The estimated growth rate for 2045 is 15% for Romania and Russia. Japan in an adult population: 93,968,800 has 7,390,500 cases of diabetes corresponding to a sampling of 7.9% close to Russia and lower than Romania. KEY WORDS: diabetes associations, diabetes prevalence, evolution of diabetes Georgeta Stoica-Marcu Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/89 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Legal Fiction in the Light of the Four Principles of Classical Logic http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/90 ABSTRACT: The succession of logical forms being a facet of the otherness of time, the subsumption of materiality, and especially of conceptuality to different logical patterns become a truism that wears the garment of a logical evolutionary process. By this, it is imperative to undertake a logical-philosophical analysis on some conceptual entities that show traces of ancestry, in the sense of researching their logical permanence. The concordance with the temporality of this research demands, as essence, the research of the logical permanency related to that logicae prima facias. The latter prima facias as a logical pattern must imperatively be represented by the logical entity that has the value of ab initio point on the scale of temporality, namely the classical logic. Considering an ab initio conjugated homologous point, but which designates the source of fictionality in the field of law, we conclude that the legitimacies, functionalities, respectively subtleties of the principal pattern of classical logic that is incident in the conceptuality of legal fiction must be investigated in order to conclude over the actuality of this abstract construct of law-part of legal reality, as well as on the actuality of the precepts of classical logic as prima facias logicae. KEY WORDS: legal fiction, classical logic principles, fictional mechanism, physical reality - GIVEN, legal reality - constructed, physical reality continuous relation function Cristian Neacșiu Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/90 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Resilience of Criminal Organizations http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/91 ABSTRACT: The evolution of organized crime presents one of the most serious threats to the security of the European Union. These became extremely professional and having a transnational character was necessary to stabilize a strategy in combating it. Strengthen law enforcement and judicial cooperation in the fight against criminal structures, with a view to eliminating as far as possible the proceeds of crime, which are the main force of criminal organizations and the response to criminal offenses to modern technological developments. The resilience of criminal organizations, as well as their ability to adapt make them have a certain longevity and gain high profits from criminal activities. KEY WORDS: resilience, criminal organizations, plurality of criminals, European Union, translational organizations Bogdan Buneci Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/91 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Religious Education. Ground for Soul Recovery http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/92 ABSTRACT: Religious education is an action specific to human spirituality and corresponds to the inner hope of the man to perfect himself morally and continuously reach for the resemblance with God through a clean and holy life, free from desires and sins. This action is developed progressively and consciously by the educator, according to the Christian moral principles and to a well-organized plan. It is sustained by love, trust, freedom and by the gift of God and, through its functions of improving and guiding the Christian soul, seeks the making of the moral-religious character with its perfection in the Christian personality. KEY WORDS: education, morality, soul, virtue, perfection, holiness Vasile Miron Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/92 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Method as Necessity – The Superstructure of Gnosticism in I. P. Culianu Analysis http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/93 Abstract: The disconcerting diversity of mythological contents conveyed by the literature related to ancient Gnosticism was a sufficiently prohibitive factor for all attempts at integrated analysis, systematization, or theological-historical evaluation of the origins and evolutions of this. Against this background, accurately locating the methodological limits of previous analytical attempts, I.P. Culianu managed, resorting to a radical paradigm shift, to establish a new way of researching gnosis, identifying and operationalizing a method capable of overcoming a good part of the difficulties previously recorded. Given the exceptional significance of this perspective of exploring the mythological contents of gnosis, our study aims to evaluate the Romanian scientist’s method, paying close attention to its theological significance precisely because ancient Gnosticism’s religious dimensions are indisputable and, implicitly, defining. Key words: Mircea Eliade, I.P.Culianu, invariants, Gnosticism, binomial Stelian Manolache Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/93 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/83 Recent research shows that the study of fiction books increases empathy, further contributing to the development of social relationships. Reading books helps us to understand ourselves and others better. As we become captivated by reading, we become more and more emotionally engaged in the lives of others, thus exercising a wide range of emotional manifestations and feelings in a safe area, ourselves not being affected. Fiction is otherwise processed at the level of the brain, compared to commercial messages, scientific articles, or articles in newspapers and magazines, producing a much stronger impression. For example, an article about how harmful alcohol is to our health only temporarily changes the reader’s perception of alcohol. Still, a novel about an alcoholic and the problems caused by alcohol consumption will make such strong impressions that it could permanently change the reader’s attitude towards that dependence. This is for the simple reason that we are much more willing to accept the assertions of some novel characters that we feel close to us by reading their life story than of some real people, which we do not know directly, such as an expert or a journalist who writes an article. Ioan-Gheorghe Rotaru Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/83 Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000