http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/issue/feed SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 2020-12-22T14:10:33+00:00 Ioan Gheorghe Rotaru scientia.moralitas@email.com Open Journal Systems <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS - International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research is an open access, blind peer-reviewed Journal published by the Scientia Moralitas Research Institute. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 5.25pt 0cm;"><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Lucida Grande'; color: #666666;">SCIENTIA MORALITAS is a multidisciplinary journal publishing a wide range of high-quality papers in the field of humanities, education, theology, human rights, economics, philosophy, juridical, political and communication sciences, religion, history, current events, legal and social issues, human behavior and so on. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 12.6pt; 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Thinking has two sides, one informational, which reveals the content of thinking, and another operational, which reveals the functionality of thinking, the fact that it involves the transformation of information in order to acquire new knowledge or to solve problems. It is worth noting that human thinking is not uniform, but it depends on the education received in the family, in school or even through one’s own efforts. Some people think that to think critically means to be grumpy, opportunistic, to reject the ideas of others just for your own ideas to be imposed. Obviously, as human beings, this ability to think is extremely important because human life is much more complex than the life of any other creature, and because of this man needs a system of thinking to help him navigate through the complexity of life, and this help comes from critical thinking, which has precisely this role. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/69 A Combined Model of Ecological Systems Theory and Social Learning Theory to Understand the Acquisition of Intimate Partner Violence 2020-12-22T12:56:35+00:00 Xiaomin Sheng Xiaomin.sheng@hud.ac.uk Intimate partner violence (IPV for short), like other aggressive and abusive behaviors, is acquired from observing, interacting with, and engaging in a social environment. Once this violent behavior is learned, it will persistently resort as a way to resolve interpersonal issues during the life trajectories of an individual. Therefore, in order to prevent IPV from being acquired from the risky social environment, it is necessary to look at the trigger factors that can lead an individual into perpetuating or accepting IPV within the context he or she is growing up. To do so, Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory (EST) will provide an examination of how an individual’s complex inter-relationships within the five layers’ environmental systems (miro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chronosystems) can result in his or her tendency to form IPV behaviors. Similar to Bronfenbrenner’s EST, Aker’s social learning theory (SLT) also argues that an individual’s interactions with others provide the context in which the IPV learning process occurs. While different from Bronfenbrenner’s EST, Aker’s SLT exposes an individual’s cognitive learning process that either favor or against an observed behavior and whether or not to imitate it. Therefore, this paper attempts to combine Bronfenbrenner’s EST and Aker’s SLT to provide a theoretical model from which the knowledge in the field of IPV is constructed and to establish a theoretical explanation of an individual’s IPV behaviors acquisition. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/70 Legal Rules in Ancient Rome between Law, Morality and Religion 2020-12-22T13:03:33+00:00 Marilena Marin marilenamarin@yahoo.com Mădălina Botină madalinabotina@yahoo.com We chose as a research topic for our study one of the most important components of society and the legal order: the “norm” and we propose an interdisciplinary analysis. For this reason, we stopped at the analysis of the legal norm in the period of ancient Rome and at the connection between jus (law), lex (law, legal norm), mos (custom, morality, morav) and fas (religious norm). The structure of our paper begins with the presentation of the meaning of legal norms in Roman law, the elements of the legal norm, their significance, and the effects that a legal norm (written or unwritten) produced in the ancient Roman world. Then we continued to analyze the classification of law (jus) and the connection between ius / jus and justice, respectively, the connection between law and justice, finding that the Romans never separated the right from morality, from what they considered to be just. Continuing the idea of the norm, our paper analyzes the oldest source of law, the custom (consuetudo or mos maiorum - the custom of the ancestors). During the Empire, more precisely, during the Principality (classical era), the custom or custom appears as the will of the people, which was considered to come from the gods. In terms of these perceptions, the rules were designated by the term fas, which meant the relationship between man and divinity, but also what people could do or what was forbidden by the supreme will of Jupiter (jus). 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/71 Gender Gap in Digital Skills in Greece 2020-12-22T13:08:43+00:00 Maria Perifanou mariaperif@gmail.com Anastasios A. Economides economid@uom.gr Inequalities between men and women exist not only in the economy and society but also in education all over the world. Many initiatives are launched to empower women with advanced skills in many countries. This paper describes the policies and initiatives to foster gender equality in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)-related education and employment in Greece. National and European Union (EU) statistics show that there exists a wide gender gap in ICT-related higher education participation, employment, and salaries in Greece. Various policies and initiatives aim at empowering women with digital skills. The paper suggests a framework to fight gender discrimination in ICT across four (4) dimensions (ICT education & training, digital tools & infrastructure, people networking, ICT jobs) and three (3) levels (access, use & participate, create). The resulting framework consists of twelve (12) areas. The paper gives example strategies for some of the areas. Finally, the paper presents conclusions and suggestions for future research. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/72 Remedies for Abusive Religiosity: An Interdisciplinary Conversation 2020-12-22T13:13:44+00:00 Daniel G. Oprean daniaoprean@gmail.com It is the aim of this article to analyze a few remedies that could contribute to the cure of abusive religiosity. Promoting a conversation between philosophy, psychology and theology, the article focuses on three such remedies. The first one is the holistic understanding of human nature, in all its complexity and with all its paradoxes. The second one is the proper understanding of the phenomenon of conversion with the contrast between conformation and transformation. The third one is the proper understanding and practice of authority, with all the danger that come with the exercise of power. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/73 Married Couples’ Perception of Faithfulness 2020-12-22T13:18:17+00:00 Ciprian Corneliu Ciurea cipriancorneliuciurea@gmail.com The dynamic character of the marital interactions often guides the marital couple either towards stability, cohesion, and progress or towards instability, discord and sometimes, even dissolution. The biological, physical, and spiritual forces ensure matrimonial faithfulness. Starting with the internal and external factors, we have analyzed the progress of the individual from realizing his psycho-sexual identity to entering the marital couple, and therewith emphasizing, from a sociological and psychological viewpoint the numerous theories that highlight the marital option. When establishing the different marital typologies, we took into consideration only the relationships between the partners of marital couples, analyzing the marriages through the criteria which define the family life: cohesion, stability, tension, belligerency, adjustment, integration, and development. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/74 Transmission of Moral, Moral-Religious and Religious Values through the Educational System 2020-12-22T13:25:46+00:00 Mihai Stoicescu mihai.stoicescu2017@gmail.com The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century brought, among other things, the development of the educational system, through which it transmitted its moral, moral-religious and religious values. The United States of America was formed as a Protestant society, its values influencing the lives of Americans. However, not only American society was influenced by Protestantism, but also the whole of modern society. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate if there are significant differences between Protestant values and those of traditional churches (in this case, the Romanian Orthodox Church). The results of the study demonstrated the existence of these differences in favor of Protestantism. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/75 Understanding Borderline Personality Disorder 2020-12-22T13:31:17+00:00 Lidija Ušurel lidiausurelu@yahoo.com The central Christian presupposition underpinning the theme of this article was that while not all the diseases are a direct consequence of sin, the fundamental source of the entire human suffering, including that of mental disorders, is rooted in man’s alienation from God. The goal of the article was to present a holistic, theologically grounded, psychologically attested and contextually relevant approach to borderline personality disorder, a particularly prevalent psychopathological disorder in South-Eastern Europe. The proposed goal was achieved by presenting the clinical picture of BPD, by listing the different perspectives on the etiology of BPD, and by identifying several ways in which this disorder could be approached and treated both psychologically and spiritually. To this end, the biological, socio-cultural, psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and Christian theoretical approaches to understanding BPD were presented, and a description of several therapeutic approaches to the treatment of BPD was also offered. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/76 Do You See What I See? Assessing the Relationships between Demographics, Street Trees and Visual Recognition of Urban Buildings 2020-12-22T13:39:56+00:00 Yuen Tsang tsang@tarleton.edu As more “green” cities are emerging in the 21st century, human recognition of urban buildings can be obstructed by increasing amount of vegetation in urban areas. While the architectural designs of urban buildings are more complicated than before, architects often seek the maximum exposure of the design to public. If vegetation obstructs significant portions of an innovative design of a building, the visual value and attractiveness of the building can diminish greatly. People may not be able to retain much visual and spatial memories about a building or even a city because their views are obstructed. This paper begins with a thorough review of current and past literature about the relationship between buildings, street trees, and visibility in urban environments. The purpose of this research is to identify factors that influence visual recognizability of buildings in an urban environment such as distance away from buildings, presence of vegetation, frequent downtown visits, and physical forms of buildings using a geographic approach. The result can be beneficial to urban planners, architects, city planners, urban geographers, and city tourism board for better integrating vegetation and buildings in a cityscape. The goal of understanding people’s visual recognition and perception of urban objects is to raise inhabitant’s satisfaction, capture their attention, and make strong impressions towards the city. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 http://scientiamoralitas.com/index.php/sm/article/view/77 Rationality and Morality 2020-12-22T13:44:45+00:00 Claudia Buda muza_claudia@yahoo.com Kant’s problem is transcendental knowledge, as absolutely pure knowledge, that is, completely possible a priori. The path of knowledge passes from feeling, through intellect, to reason. Knowledge through the senses corresponds to an aesthetic, which for the time being means a sensitive way of representation, related to the faculty of knowledge. The research of the intellect is provided by an analysis, revealing either the concepts or the principles/judgments. The investigation of reason, this time in a narrow sense, as a faculty of knowledge superior to the intellect, as complex as it is problematic, is guided by dialectics. 2020-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020